Endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure done to examine a person’s digestive tract. Medical examiners can view the whole digestive tract of the patient on a TV monitor to know the kind of treatment to be given in order to cure the ailment.
How endoscopy is done?
Endoscope is a flexible tube passed through mouth and throat into the esophagus. This helps the doctor to view the whole functioning part of esophagus, stomach and the upper part of small intestine. This procedure is termed as upper endoscopy.
Endoscopes are even performed through rectum to view the whole part of large intestine. This process is known as sigmoidoscopy or commonly known as colonoscopy.
A special endoscopy termed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography well known as ERCP helps in examining the whole part of gall bladder and pancreas. The magnified image helps in knowing the exact treatment to be considered for the patient to cure in a safe way.
Endoscopy is often suggested when the doctor needs to verify few of the symptoms indicating issues in the functioning of the digestive system.
The symptoms indicating the need to have endoscopy test done:
- Continuous pain in the abdominal region.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- Changes in bowel functions like constipation or diarrhea.
- Finding blood in stool or urine becoming darker.
- Finding growth in colon.
- For biopsy.
Endoscopy is even done for direct treatment purposes like stopping the bleeding of ulcer and removal of polyps from colon to prevent cancer of the colon. Normally, endoscopy is a safe procedure however in some rare cases the issues have been reported.
Health issues experienced because of endoscopy are as follows:
- Perforation means tear in the gut wall.
- Reactions may happen due to the prescribed medicines.
- Infection may be observed.
- Bleeding is possible.
- Symptoms of Pancreatitis due to ERCP.
Well acclaimed Gastroenterologists perform all kinds of endoscopy in highly skilled ways. Gastrointestinal surgeons can do the procedure perfectly.
Know the modes applied before endoscopy:
- For gut examining preparation: The patient must fast for eight hours maximum before the schedule of the test. If colon part needs to be examined, laxatives are asked to be taken twenty-four hours before the time stated for endoscopy.
- Sedation: Sedative is provided for the comfort of the person experiencing endoscopy process. Sedative can be given through injection on hips or through vein. Thus, the patient relaxes and sleeps while the whole process is going on. They can wake up in an hour, however advised not to drive for twenty-four hours. Anesthesia is given for children and for complicated procedures to make the patient relax for longer time period.
The ailments revealed due to endoscopy examination are liver cirrhosis, bronchitis, cancer, formation of cysts, gallbladder stones, hernia, Polyps, tumors, ulcers and to know the reasons for digestive tract inflammation.
Having endoscopy done by well skilled specialists working in highly acclaimed hospitals like Memorial Hermann North Houston endoscopy and surgery will prove to be beneficial option helping in experiencing relief from the ailments spoiling your general health.